Crux Australis Herald
November 2000 (Anno Societatis XXXV)
Unto the College of Heralds of the Principality of Lochac, and all others who may read this missive, from Baron Uberto Renaldi, Crux Australis Herald, greetings!
In this issue ..
Kingdom device update | Proposed Policy Change | Reports | Looking to save some money?
Roster changes | Important addresses | Subscriptions and Resources | Submission requirements
Meeting schedule | Recent submissions | News of previous submissions
Tourneys and Investitures
Congratulations to Gui von Oberhausen and Æfled of Otterburne who will be our 34th Prince and Princess of Lochac.
I would like to thank all those who assisted with the heraldry at November Coronet, including Mistress Kiriel du Papillon, Master Thorfinn Hrolfsson, Loyola Mendoza Sanchez and Dieric Pieterszoon van Tolen. I am sure there were others whose efforts have not been brought to my notice - if you are one of them please accept my gratitiude.
For those attending Twelfth Night Investiture, I shall be there also, and intend to hold a special meeting of the Lochac College of Heralds to discuss (amongst other things) our rôle in the transition to Kingdom. If you have anything you would like raised at the meeting (kingdom-related or otherwise) please drop me a line and I will add it to the list.
Baron Uberto Renaldi,
Crux Australis Herald
Kingdom device update
My apologies for not providing an update last month. The situation was in a state of flux, and I thought it better to wait until I could give some facts.
As reported in Septembers CAMeL, the Kingdom Device Team were charged with the task of presenting some designs to the Kingdom Advancement Committee for them to choose at least one which would go to poll.
In response, the team considered 13 designs, some that were suggested years ago, some from the questionnaires and some that deliberately differed from Lochacs current arms. Of these, 3 were chosen to be our final recommendations as the best of the bunch for various heraldic, practical and aesthetic reasons.
The Advancement Committee, after discussing the 3 recommended designs, discarded them in favour of one of the 10 other designs that had not been recommended. A banner was made of this design and was displayed at November Coronet as the offical single design on which the populace would be polled.
The design chosen by the Committee was Quarterly azure and gules, a crown within a laurel wreath, all within four mullets of six points in cross argent. I wont bother listing here the three designs recommended by the team; if you are interested contact me for details. If you have internet access you can view all 13 designs here.
Proposed Policy Change
Last month I asked for comments on the following proposed change to Lochac Heraldic Policy:
Resubmissions are free for a period of ten (10) years from the date of the most recent return, after which the submission is considered withdrawn.
My thanks to Jan Antheunis van Ghent, PE At-Large, for the following comment:
Jan also forwarded these comments from a non-herald and relative new-comer to the SCA:
More feedback before my December meeting will be gratefully appreciated.
Final reminder: end-of-reign quarterly reports from Baronial and Shire heralds are due by 17 December 2000.
Please report so I know whats happening in your group, otherwise I have to tell the Prince and Princess that, as far as I know, no heraldry is happening in your group and therefore the College of Heralds is failing in its duty to Lochac. As you can imagine, this is not the kind of thing They want to hear, especially as we are planning to become a Kingdom!
If you are the herald for a Canton or College, I suggest you get your report to your Baronial or Shire herald ASAP!
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Looking to save some money?
One way to do so is to not use Express Post to send me submissions unless it really is the Thursday before my monthly meeting. If it isnt, just use a standard large envelope and pay 90c instead of the $7.00 or more that Express Post will cost you.
Using Express Post does not gurantee that the submissions will reach me - merely that, if they do, it will be on the next working day after you post them.
After some initial delays (with things getting lost in the post), Mungo of the Rock has returned a signed roster letter and has been added to the roster as the new Acting Goutte dEau Pursuivant for the Barony of Stormhold.
The Shire of Borders Crossing also has a new herald: Dieric Pieterszoon van Tolen has volunteered to be the Pursuivant Extraordinary for that group and so has been rostered as Acting in that office until he achieves a personal rank of PE (which, going by his enthusiasm and knowledge, shouldnt take long).
Finally, the address for Lady Canon published last month was incorrect (by about ten years, actually - oops). Her current address appears below. Also remember to update your old Court Awards Forms so you dont send them to the previous Canons address by mistake. Copies of the new forms are availiable via www.sca.org.au/herald.
Feedback required: Are these short details sufficient, or would more comprehensive details (eg legal names, addresses, phone numbers, etc) be more useful? Should a full roster be regularly distributed with Camels? If so, how often? I am conscious of some peoples desire for privacy, so the web-based version need not contain the same information as the printed version if that is a concern.
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Subscriptions and Resources
"The CAMeL" is available from Crux Australis at $20 per year. Make cheques payable to "SCA Inc. College of Heralds".
Laurel's Letter of Acceptance and Return is available from the SCA College of Arms. Send a cheque for $US25 made out to "SCA Inc. College of Arms" to Bruce R. Nevins, 2527 E. 3rd Street, Tucson AZ, 85716-4114, USA. As usual, everything of relevance to Lochac will be published in "The CAMeL".
Master Thorfinn is the person to talk to about heraldic publications. Possibly the most useful item that he stocks is the Heraldic Pictorial Dictionary for the SCA (affectionately known as the PicDic), which will cost you $A8.50 for the first edition or $A12.50 for the second edition. Alternatively, order it directly from the USA via Free Trumpet Press for $US15 (details of their web site are below and they now take credit cards).
I also recommend that groups acquire some name resources, in particular P.H. Reaney & R.M. Wilsons A Dictionary of English Surnames and E.G. Withycombes The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names.
Many interesting heraldic links can be found through the SCA Heraldry web page at www.sca.org/heraldry including the Laurel home page, on-line armorial and ordinary search, and the Academy of St. Gabriel (an heraldic consultation service). The Free Trumpet Press West web page is www.sca.org/heraldry/ftpw. Parkers Glossary can be found at http://www04.u-page.so-net.ne.jp/ta2/saitou/ie401
Cost: $20 per new submission (name, device or badge). No cost for resubmissions or branch submissions. Make cheques payable to "SCA Inc College of Heralds".
Please include ALL necessary documentation to support each submission. It is the responsibility of the submittor to present their submission in a way that makes registration easy. Name documentation should be as accurate as possible: remember to include photocopies of the title page as well as the relevent page(s) of any source used.
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Crux Australis meetings are held once a month, usually at 36 Rosella Street, Payneham SA, starting at 2pm. Please call beforehand if you intend to bring submissions for processing. The next meeting is scheduled for the 17th December and the one after that will probably be on the 21st January 2001 (not counting the special meeting to be held at Twelfth Night Investitiure on the weekend before).
Present at the Crux Australis meeting held on Sunday 19th November 2000 were Baron Uberto Renaldi, Crux Australis Herald; herald-in-training Gruffydd ap Cynan, and interested visitor Aoife ni Medb.
The following submissions were FORWARDED to the College of Arms for registration:
New Name and Device
Per pale argent and azure, two lions rampant and a chief wavy counterchanged.
The submittor desires a male Dutch name from the 15th-16th centuries and will accept major changes.
Friedmann  shows Dieric as a form of Dirk in use in the mid-14th century and also  shows Pieterszoon as a patronymic dated to 1478-81.
Tolen (or Tholen) is a city in Zeeland which dates back to at least 1400 - a seal for the city from around this date (from a Dutch Civic Heraldry website) gives the spelling as tolne, but this looks like the Latinised form of the name. The only evidence supplied for the spelling Tolen is from a mid-17th century map by Joan Blau and, although every other source spells it Tholen I am forwarding the name as submitted in the hope that this spelling can be confirmed as period.
The form of the name (<given><patronymic><locative>) is shown in the Miscrosoft Encarta entry for Jan Jospehszoon Van Goyen, a Dutch landscape painter who lived from 1596 to 1656.
The very elegent device appears free of problems, with the closest match being Per pale argent and azure, two lions combattant, in chief a sun counterchanged [registered to Colum Mac Eoghain ui Neill in January 1999]. There is one CD for the position of one of the lions and a second for changing a sun to a chief wavy.
New Name (See RETURNS for Device)
The submittor desires a male name, presumably English, and will accept any changes.
Michael is listed by Withycombe, with this spelling dated to 1196. Galicia (or Halicz) was an Ukrainian principality in the 12th century, later to be absorbed into the kingdom of Poland. Not to be confused with the other Galicia in NW Spain (or the kingdom of Leon, depending on when you look at it).
Name Resubmission to Crux (See RETURNS for Device)
The submittors previous name submisison, Patroclus OMiuneog was returned by Crux Australis in May 2000 for lack of documentation.
The submittor now desires a male 15th century Burgundian name, will accept changes and cares most about the language/culture.
Patry is found in a list of names from Bordeaux, spanning from 1470 to 1520, compiled by Friedmann . de Buck is from Toddekyns list of Flemish names from Bruges and dates from 1400-1550.
Neither of these name elements are Burgundian and my resources in that area are somewhat limited (ie: nil), so I am calling upon the mercy of the College of Arms in requesting assistance with this name.
Name and Device Resubmission to Crux
Per fess Or and azure, a catapult sable and three salmon naiant Or.
This name was returned by Crux Australis in March 2000 for insufficient documentation.
Both Riccardo and Pugliesi can be found on the Online Castato of 1427 wihich lists tax information for the city of Florence during the period 1427-29.
The device appears free of problems, although all the charges should be drawn a bit larger. The arrangement of the fish limits their size, and may have been better if drawn as haurient (vertical) rather than naiant (horizontal). However, we did not think this sufficient reason for a return for redrawing.
Change of Branch Name (See RETURNS for Change of Branch Device)
The groups currently registered name of Parvus Portus, Canton of was registered in June 1990.
Ekwall (p520) lists several placenames using Willoughby, with spellings Wilewby dated to 1236 and Wilughby to 1363.
The Oxford English Dictionary dates vale back to circa 1400 with the meaning of a more or less extensive tract of land lying between two ranges of hills, or stretches of high ground, and usually traversed by a river or stream. Eckwalls only listing of vale in a placename seems to be for Vale Royal (p489), latinised as Vallis Regalis in 1307.
The construction Willoughby Vale seems a bit forced (and somewhat twee); Willoughdel or Wildell may match period nameplace construction practice more closely. However, as there is nothing technically wrong with it (as far as I can tell) I am forwarding the name as submitted to the College of Arms for discussion.
The submission was accompanied by an appropriate petition in favour of the change.
The following submissions were RETURNED for further work:
New Branch Name and Device
Per chevron purpure fretty Or and Or, in base a bunch of grapes purpure within a laurel wreath vert.
There were problems with both the name and the device.
First the name: the group chose this name because they "cross the border between NSW and Victoria", "it is easy for the local community to understand" and they "are between the Baronies of Politarchopolis and Stormhold."
Unfortunately, none of these reasons are evidence that the name being submitted could be one by which a place was known in pre-17th century Europe. Nor was any documentation supplied to support the submission. The criteria for branch names is the same as for individuals - all elements must be documented as being in use before 1600, and the elements arranged in a fashion consistent with period practice.
The sticking point with this name is the word crossing, which according to the OED did not acquire the meaning it has here (a place where two roads cross or a place where people cross [something, eg a river]') until after 1600. The word does not appear to have been used in any English placenames. There is another word - ford - which means much the same thing in Old English and was much more common as a placename element.
The word border, although period, also seems to have been overlooked in placenames in favour of march (from Old English mearc). Thus, according to the meagre research I have done, the closest period placenames with the same meaning of Borders Crossing would be Markford or Marchford, which many might find a tad dull.
Middle is a common first element of English placenames, used of places that were between two other places. "Cross" was also used in placesnames. Some alternate names suggested from the meeting were "Middlecross", "Border Cross" and "Malford". There are numerous other combinations of border, cross, march, ford and middle which the group are free to consider.
The device is being returned primarily for a redraw. The laurel wreath should be wreath-shaped (ie circular), and both it and the bunch of grapes need to be larger. Although drawn correctly on the outline copy, the fretting on the colour copies did not have any lines separating the slats, making the field resemble Or, lozengy purpure instead. As well as this, only three coloured copies were provided, and the outline copy [see above] had hatching - dots and lines used to denote the tinctures - instead of just the outline of the charges and field divisions.
Paly purpure and vert, on a chief argent four ermine spots palewise in saltire vert.
This device has a number of problems, the most serious being that the field is in violation of RfS VII.b.2.iv: "Elements evenly divided into multiple parts of two different tinctures must have good contrast between their parts." Purpure and vert are both colours and therefore do not have good contrast.
The other problems are stylistic. The chief is drawn low enough that it could give the impression of a per fess field division rather than a chief. Although there would be nothing inherently wrong with it being per fess, it should not be ambiguous as to whether it is a charge or a field divison.
The reason that the chief is so large is because of the arrangement of the ermine spots - putting five tall, narrow objects in saltire necessitates the use of a lot of vertical space. To compound the problem, the ermine spots drawn here do not resemble period depictions of ermine spots which have much longer tails. If drawn correctly, the spots would take up even more vertical space, or have to be draw so small as to be unidentifiable.
We recommend several options: putting five ermine spots in a row (in fess) on a chief, using trefoils instead of ermine spots and using per fess instead of a chief, or either ermine spots or trefoils on an argent field with a base paly.
Change of Branch Device
Argent, a willow tree proper and on a canton vert a laurel wreath Or.
This is being returned because the willow tree drawn here does not appear to be similar in shape to any of the willows known in pre-1600 Europe. Instead, it appears to be a weeping willow, which was first recorded by a European (Sir George Wheeler, whilst in Anatolia) in 1676 and not introduced to the west until the 18th century.
Unless the Canton can provide evidence that a willow of this shape (weeping or otherwise) was known to Europeans before 1600, they will need to redraw their willow tree so that it resembles one of the types known by medieval Europeans.
The tree (like so many charges on other submissions) should be drawn larger - there is too much field visible on this device!
Vert, a stags head erased Or between flaunches Or masoned vert.
This is being returned for a redraw. The stags head is too small, the flaunches are too large and the tincture of the masoning is not clear (it is blazoned azure on the forms but we couldnt tell what colour it is from the drawing).
The line following the curve of each flaunch is almost thick enough to pass for fimbriation - the masoning lines should be this thick, whilst the lines separating the flaunches from the field should be as thin as possible (ideally, there shouldnt be a visible line at all, but that makes colouring-in rather difficult).
Dutch Civic Heraldry website. http://www.bng.nl/ngw/t/tholen
Flags of the World websire. http://fotw.digibel.be/flags/ua-gal.html
Online Castato of 1427. http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/catasto
The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, 1989.
Blau, Joan [artist]. Map of Tolen, 1649 (from Novum ac Magnum Theatrum Urbium Belgicae Foederate). http://earlymaps.com/europe/nether/images/7175.htm
Eckwall, E. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed. Oxford University Press, 1991.
Friedmann, Sara L.  Dutch Names 1358-1361, http://ww.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedmann/names/earlydutch14.htm
Friedmann, Sara L.  15th Century Dutch Surnames, http://ww.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedmann/names/earlydutch15surnames.htm
Friedmann, Sara L.  Names Found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux, 1470-1520, http://ww.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedmann/names/bordeaux.htm
Toddekyn, Loveday. Flemish Names from Bruges. http://www.s-gabriel.org/docs/bruges
Withycombe, E.G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 1959.
News of previous submissions
None - I have not received the results of any of Laurels meetings since Julys.
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