camel picture

Lochac arms CoH Arms

Crux Australis Principal Herald

Wakeline de Foxley
PO Box 91
Sandy Bay
TAS 7006
phone: +61 3 6225 4334
herald at sca dot org dot au

Warmest greetings unto the College of Heralds of the Kingdom of Lochac, and unto any others who may read this letter from Wakeline de Foxley, Crux Australis Principal Herald

Contents of this issue

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From Crux Australis

Greetings gentle cousins, I know this letter is rather stretching the definition of September. On the bright side, at least it won't be a full month until you get the next letter. This letter will appear first in its electronic incarnation as I haven't finished putting together the mailing list.

On Forms

Computers are useful tools. But in the hands of many, they are horrible tools for filling out submission forms. In the last couple of months I have received quite a few forms that were obviously produced by scanning a form and then filling it in with a computer. This is a BAD plan. On two occasions I have come very close to returning submissions because the form was so pixelated as to be almost unreadable.

On occasions the forms have also been resized. I can do no better than to quote Shauna Laurel from her March 2004 LoAR cover letter: "I once again need to remind everyone who deals with submissions paperwork that the forms we use are standardized, especially when it comes to the size of the escutcheon, lozenge and roundel on the armory forms."

Use of colour printers to produce emblazons is also a bad plan. Many printer inks fade over time, making the forms useless for archival purposes. Some inkjet inks are revolting; some submissions seem faded by the time they get to me. I will in future be returning emblazons printed on ink-jet printers. I would also advise against the use of colour laser printers, although I will accept such forms on a case by case basis for now.

So print out the form, break out the markers and have at it. But please write legibly and give you complete address. I don't know which state you live in, and I certainly haven't memorised the complete post code lists of Australia and New Zealand!

On Documentation

Just a quick note on documenting items from web sites. Don't forget that if a web page is used as documentation, then the entire web page must be printed. This may seem silly, but prevents any important information being missed. Feel free to print two pages to a printed sheet to reduce the use of dead trees. Double sided printing is great too if you have access to an appropriate printer.

If any submitters want to make my life easy, it would be really great if you could set your printer to Letter paper before printing web pages. Otherwise I need to find a photocopier to reduce everything before I trim the printouts for Laurel.

On Money and Submission Handling

Please issue a receipt of some form whenever a submitter gives you money. At this stage I am not going to be picky about how you do this, but every submitter who hands over money to a local herald needs to have an acknowledgement of said payment.

A couple of times in the last month I have heard about "returns at local level" and I thought it might be useful to remind you all of the appropriate procedures. If someone gives you a submission you are allowed to return it. According to long-standing Lochac heraldic policy any such return must be accompanied by a formal written letter of return, a copy of which must also be sent to me. Any money received must also be returned (you cannot hang onto money for later use in a resubmission).

I suspect that it is simpler if you pass any paid submissions on to me unless the return is sufficiently obvious that you can make it on the spot (eg. colour on colour). [Top] [Contents]

Reporting Timetable Change

The Lochac Seneschal has proposed a new reporting timetable, as outlined below. Unless anyone has any great objection we will start using the new timetable as of the next quarterly report. The new system is designed to make life easier by allowing each of us time to read incoming reports before writing our own. [Top] [Contents]

Canon Lore

It appears that there is some lingering confusion about when awards become official. The system used to be that awards were official when they were published in Pegasus (or the Page). At the start of Karl's tenure as Canon, the system changed. Awards are now official the moment they are announced in court.

In the words of Karl Canon, "If the King calls you a Lady then you're a Lady, and no piece of paper can say otherwise."

The change was retrospective, so if someone was ever given an award, then they have it-regardless of whether it was published. So if an award is not listed in the Canon database, all it means is that the database is not complete. There is no need to supply Canon with "proof" of an award. Simply use the handy link on CanonLore to report the omission and Canon will do all of the checking required to bring the database up to date. The backlog of the required database additions is large and will take a while to work through, so you will need to exercise some patience.

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Important Addresses

Crux Australis Principal Herald:

Wakeline de Foxley
PO Box 91, Sandy Bay TAS, 7006
(03) 6225 4334

Email: herald at sca dot org dot au

Baryl Herald:

Massaria da Cortona
PO Box 91, Sandy Bay TAS, 7006
(03) 6225 4334

Email: massaria at hotmail dot com

Bombard Herald (Ceremonies and Protocol):

Uberto Renaldi

Email: bombard at sca dot org dot au

Canon Herald (OP and Gentry list):

Karl Faustus von Aachen (Paul Sleigh )
PO Box 1269, Belconnen ACT 2616
(02) 6271-1534 0407-468-244.

Email: canon at sca do org do au

Astrolabe Herald (New Zealand Regional Deputy):

Alys de Wilton (Jennifer Geard)

Email: geard at verso dot org

Rocket Pursuivant (Special Projects):

Giles de Roet (Mark Calderwood)
PO Box 247
Jesmond NSW 2299

Hund Herald (External Commentary):

Thorfinn Hrolfsson (Steven Roylance)
1592 Malvern Road, Glen Iris, VIC 3146.

Email: roylance at corplink dot com dot au

Mortar Pursuivant


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Submission Requirements

Cost: $20 per new submission (name, device or badge). No cost for resubmissions (within the permitted time limit) or branch submissions. Note: a new name and device costs a total of $40. Make cheques or money orders payable to "SCA Inc. College of Heralds". Do not send cash through the post!

Copies required:

NAMES - two (2) copies of both the form and ALL documentation, including title page of each book NB: The title page is not the same as the book cover! Essays about a submitter's persona may be entertaining, but do NOT constitute documentation. When citing web sites as documentation, you must include a printout of the pages used. Please don't staple your forms, paperclips are fine and loose is ok too.

DEVICES AND BADGES - four (4) colour copies and one (1) black & white OUTLINE copy. The colour copies should be accurately coloured, preferably in felt tip pen (eg Crayola Classic Colours). Colour printers or faint coloured pencil is not acceptable. The colours must be visible across a crowded Herald's meeting. Laurel has requested that gold pen NOT be used, as it deteriorates in files and turns to glue. Please don't staple your forms, assuming that all goes well at kingdom level they are separated and go to four different homes. Paperclips are fine and loose is ok too. 

Please include ALL necessary documentation to support each submission. It is the responsibility of the submitter to present their submission in a way that makes registration easy. Name documentation should be as accurate as possible. Failure to provide sufficient documentation is a cause for return of your submission. If you are having trouble with your documentation then speak to your local herald. If they can't answer your specific question, consider writing to Blazons, or contacting me. If I don't know the answer but I will at least be able to point you in the direction of someone who will.

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Meeting Schedule

The August meeting was held on Tuesday, the 7th September 2004. The next meeting will be on Tuesday, the 12th of October. Further meetings may be expected on the first Tuesday of each month.

Commentary on September submissions was received from the following people Thorfinn Hund; Massaria Baryl; Aryanhwy Boke, Pedair, Thomasine and Tariq ibn Jelal. Present at the meeting were Wakeline de Foxley, Crux Australis Herald 11; Massaria da Cortona, Baryl Herald; Francis of Hexham, Drommond Pursuivant and Hrolf Herjolfssen, Crux Australis Herald 1. Thank you all for your time and efforts.

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September 2004 Submissions Forwarded to Laurel

1. Dragon Demonskyi

New name

The submitter seeks a name suitable for a Russian male. The submitter will allow any changes and in the event of such changes wishes the name to be authentic for language. He cares most about the meaning of the name.

Dragon is found as a male given name in Paul Goldschmidt's "Dictionary of Period Russian Names - Section D" [, accessed 7th Sep 2004]. The name is reported as occurring in 1052 and having a recorded variant of Drahon from 1456.

Paul Goldschmidt's "Dictionary of Period Russian Names - List of Cities" [, accessed 7th Sep 2004] contains a listing for the town of Demon which was founded prior to 1495.

Paul Wickenden of Thanet's article "Locative bynames in Medieval Russia" [, accessed 7th Sep 2004] describes the addition of -skyi to a town name to form a locative byname. In section IV:Adjectives, -skyi is listed as an acceptable adjectival suffix for the formation of a masculine name (other common forms of the suffix being -skii, -skoi or the genetive form -skogo).

2. Eirikr Ţorolfsson

New name and device submission

Per pale argent and gules, two fish hauriant respectant and embowed counterchanged.

The submitter seeks a name suitable for a 10th century Viking and will allow minor changes. In the event of a change the submitter is concerned about sound and culture of the resultant name. The submitter wishes the name to be authentic for both time and language.

Eiríkr (Eir{i'}kr) is listed on page 9 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's "The Old Norse Name", there having been 12 instances of the name in the Landnámabók from which Geirr Bassi was partially drawn. Eiríkr (Eir{i'}kr) also occurs as a header spelling in Lind's "Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn frĺn Medeltiden". The name seems to have been extremely common; citations from 951 and 1000 show the desired spelling (without the accent on the second "i").

Ţórólfr may be found on page 16 of Geirr Bassi Haraldsson and is listed as having occurred twice in the Landnámabók. Lind also lists the name as a header and includes variants Ţórolfr (918), Ţorolfr, Ţorolfeur (1395) and Ţorollfur (1399) among others.

The original submission used "Thorolfsson" as the patronymic. Lind shows several variants of the name using a "Th": Thorolfuer (1429), Thorolffwer -ffvor (1459), Thorolfs (1429) and Thorolfue (1450). As these are considerably later than the submitter's target date we have amended the submitted form.

Eirikr's device

3. Elen Benet

New name and device submission

Per fess argent and azure, on a pale counterchanged between two cinquefoils pierced a cinquefoil pierced azure.

The submitter desires a feminine name and will accept minor changes.

Elen may be found in Withycombe, which under s.n. "Ellen" gives "Elen, Ellin Chester 1561".

The spelling "Elen" is also attested in the metronymic "Elenson" in the 14th century. According to Academy of St Gabriel report 2222 []: "As you noted in your inquiry, is found in the 14th century. Indeed, it is the fifth most common woman's name in a large, late-14th century Yorkshire tax record. [1] However, the given names in this record are Latinized, so we cannot safely conclude that accurately represents the everyday spoken form of the name. Fortunately, as is common in documents of this period, the vast majority of the bynames have been left in English. Among these bynames are the metronymics and , and other late-14th century Yorkshire tax records contain the metronymics , , and . [2, 3, 4] [...] They also show that and were typical spellings of the spoken form and hence that really is a Latinization."

Benet - Reaney & Wilson s.n. "Bennet, (etc)" gives "William Benet 1208 ChR (Du)."

Elen's device

4. Isabella Rossini

New name submission

The submitter seeks a feminine Italian name. She will allow any changes.

There were four recorded instances of Isabella listed in the Castato of Florence of 1427 and one instance of Rossini. Isabella may be found in "Feminine Given Names for the Online Castato of Florence of 1427", [, accessed 4th June 2004] and Rossini may be found on page 17 of "Family names appearing in the Castato of 1427", [, accessed 4th June 2004].

While the name is evocative of the actress and model Isabella Rossellini, we believe that the removal of the internal syllable removes any possibility of confusion

5. Kasian Astrakhanovich

New name submission

The submitter desires a late 15th century or early 16th century male name (presumably Russian). He will allow minor changes.

Kasian may be found in Paul Goldschmidt's "Dictionary of Period Russian Names - Section Ka", [, accessed 18th Sep 2004] which states that Kasian Bosoi was a monk of the Volokolamskii monastery in 1530. Other cited variants of the name include Kasiian and Kas'ian in the 13-14th centuries and a Saint Kassian in the 4th century.

The town of Astrakhan is listed in Paul Goldschmidt's "Dictionary of Period Russian Names - List of Cities" [, accessed 18th Sep 2004] as having been founded before 1462.

The original submission read "Astrakhanivich". Following the rules given in Paul Goldschmidt's "Dictionary of Russian Names - Grammar" [, accessed 18th Sep 2004], we have amended this to the submitted spelling. The article in part four of the section on masculine patronymics states that "-vich" type names are formed by addition of "-ich" to the basic patronymic ending. This basic patronymic is described in part one of the masculine patronymic section. It uses a suffix of -ov for elements which do not end in either "a" or "ia" (which take -iv and -yv respectively).

6. Lochac, Kingdom of

New badge submission

[Fieldless], On a compass star gyronny azure and argent an escutcheon gules.

For use by the Royal Guild of Defence.

X's device

7. Wolff Hebenstreit

New name and device submission

Per pale gules and vert, a wolf rampant contourny a chief Or.

The submitter desires a name suitable for a German male in the 1400s. He will allow minor changes.

Wolff is listed in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Given names from 1495" [, accessed 5th May 2004]. This article is reputed to be based on a German tax roll of 1495.

Hebenstreit appears in Guntrum von Wolkenstein's article "German names from Kosice, 1300-1500" [, accessed 5th May 2004]. The article provides a list of names drawn from a register of mayors and governors at Miklus Prison in Kosice, Slovakia. The author believes the spelling to be original. Johannes Hebenstreit is listed in the original document in 1423-4, 1431-1435 and 1444. These listings are likely to be multiple occurrences of the same individual.

Talan Gwynek's related article "Notes on Surnames in German Names fro Kosice, 1300-1500" [, accessed 5th May 2004], lists Hebenstreit as a German phrase-name, Hebe den Streit, with the meaning "start the fight".

X's device

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September 2004 Submissions Returned by Crux

1. Dafydd ap Iowerth ap Rhodri de dena

Device resubmission

Per bend sinister vert and sable.

The submitters name was registered in April 2002. His previous device submission Per bend sinister sable and vert (ie, the tinctures reversed form the current submission) was returned for conflict at that time:

Begin LoAR excerpt
Conflict with Marguerite Lofftus, Per bend sinister sable and gyronny from the line of division Or and vert. This is not clear by RfS X.4.a.ii(a), Substantial Change of Partition, as both fields are divided per bend sinister. This is analogous to the example in the rule which states "Barry and per pale argent and vert... has only a clear difference from Bendy and per pale argent and vert." This must therefore be considered under RfS X.4.a.ii(c), which states "In any case, independent changes to the tincture, direction of partition lines, style of partition lines, or number of pieces in the partition may be counted separately when comparing two pieces of field-primary armory." We have one of the necessary changes, for changing the partition lines, because the bottom half of Marguerite's field is gyronny. However, there is no additional difference for tincture change since only one-fourth of the field has changed tincture. RfS X.4.a only allows difference for tincture "if the tincture of at least half the field is changed".
End LoAR excerpt.

Unfortunately this new submission does not clear the previous conflict. RfS X.4.a says in part "There is a clear difference for reversing the tinctures of a field evenly divided into two parts, per saltire, or quarterly, but not for reversing the tinctures of a field divided in any other way"

As Marguerite's field division is not covered by the rule there is not a second CD for reversal of the tinctures. There is still the CD for change of partition line of course.

Dafydd's device

2. Dragon Demonskyi

New device submission

Per chevron embattled Or and azure, in base a flame Or and in chief a mullet between two increscents azure.

This device has been returned for violation of RfS XIII.1.a, which says in part "As another guideline, three or more types of charges should not be used in the same group". This is the rule which prohibits so-called slot machine heraldry.

The submitted device has a single charge group made up of three types of charge; the flame, the mullet and the increscents. While the flame is drawn larger than the other charges in the group, the difference is not sufficient to separate the charges into two groups. It is in keeping with good heraldic style to make the lowest of such a group slightly larger to better utilise the available space on the escutcheon.

Dragon's device

3. Kasian Astrakhanovich

New device submission

Argent, a Maltese cross on a chief azure a kettle helm argent.

This device is begin returned for lack of identifiability of the kettle helm. A kettle helm is a difficult charge to draw, in part because it is not an object which will be familiar to many. The submitter has been advised to attempt a redraw of the helm, perhaps turning it slightly into trian aspect as in the PicDic, or adding a chin strap. Some internal detail on the helm is also advisable to give the charge some "shape".

Kasian's device

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September 2004 Submissions Pended by Crux

1. Isabella Rossini

New device submission

This submitted device satisfies VIII.2.b.i which says "The field must have good contrast with every charge placed directly on it and with charges placed overall." (emphasis mine). However, the fireball is "barely overall", a problem which, has previously led to numerous returns from Laurel.

This device has been pended awaiting a promised set of revised forms featuring a more substantial fireball.

Isabella's device

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News from Laurel LoARs

Laurel's April LoAR contained the decisions on Lochac's November LoI.

The text of Cluain's pend confuses their device with that of Saint Basil. This error was caused by one of Laurel's submission processing programs and has been rectified in the Laurel records. Saint Basil's device will be ruled on shortly


Rosalind Ryne. Name change from holding name Rosalind of Ildhafn.

The name combines English and Flemish. Barring documentation of such combinations, this is one step from period practice.

Alys de Wilton. Device. Per fess ermine and sable.

This is clear of Jakob Stiufsun: Per fess with a left step sable and pily bendwise argent and azure. Per RfS X.4.a.ii.c, there is a CD for changing the tincture of half the field (argent-and-azure to ermine) and another for changing the line of division (per fess with a left step and pily bendy to just plain per fess).

Amalia van Bergen op Zoom. Device. Azure, an hourglass between three escarbuncles argent.

Bella Lucia da Verona. Name and device. Gules, a lion couchant within an orle indented on the inner edge Or.

We note that the documentation was not adequately summarized on the LoI, although the College of Arms commenters filled in the blanks. St. Gabriel letters provide extensive footnotes on the sources from which the names are drawn, as well as the dates for most of the names discussed. This information should be included when summarizing documentation from a St. Gabriel report.

The motif of an orle indented on the inner edge is found in Italian armory, though some depictions of it might tempt us to blazon them as an orle of triangles conjoined, points inward. Please instruct the submitter to draw fewer and bolder indents in future: this came very close to being returned for being "pinking-sheary."

This is clear of Farquhar Finley Farquharson: Gules, a lion dormant within an orle of hearts Or. A visual check of Farquhar's armory shows the hearts to be palewise and clearly separated; thus against the various depictions of an orle indented on the inner edge there are separate CDs for number and type of charge(s).

Cairistiona inghean Raghnaill. Name (see PENDS for device).

Submitted as Cairistiona inghen Raonuill, this name uses a significantly post-period Gaelic orthography for the spelling of the byname. Mac Raonuill is a modern Gaelic spelling; no evidence for this spelling is found prior to the 19th C. The Middle Irish Gaelic equivalent (900-1200) is Mac Ragnaill, while the Early Modern Irish Gaelic equivalent (1200-1700) is Mac Raghnaill. It is highly likely that the Scottish Gaelic forms in these periods would be identical to the Irish Gaelic forms. Furthermore, the patronymic particle uses a spelling occasionally found in the transitional period between Middle Irish Gaelic and Early Modern Irish Gaelic. We have changed the spelling of the patronymic to inghean Raghnaill, the Early Modern Irish Gaelic form.

Edward Dymoke. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and sable, a lion rampant within an orle of lozenges argent.

The question was raised in commentary whether this combination of name and armory could constitute a presumptuous claim to be Edward Dymoke, Royal Champion at the Coronations of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I. This issue was based largely on an online picture of Edward Dymoke (for which the URL was supplied), showing him riding an armorially barded horse. After careful visual study of the online picture, we have concluded that the armory on the horse's barding is (field), a lion passant within an orle of lozenges argent. The appearance of a "lion rampant" seems to be an optical illusion, resulting from a fold in the fabric and some odd angles of perspective. Therefore this combination of name and armory is not a presumptuous combination (as referred to in RfS XI.2).

Eleanor of Orkney. Device. Paly vert and argent, on a bend sinister purpure a compass star palewise argent.

We have reblazoned the tertiary charge's position to match the emblazon. This is clear of Seonaid Fitzalan: Vair en point, on a bend sinister purpure three caltrops argent. There is one CD for the change of field. The other CD must come from differences to the tertiary charge(s). While there is not substantial difference between a caltrop and a compass star, they are sufficiently distinct in appearance to allow for a significant difference between them. That, plus the change in number from one to three, is enough for a CD by RfS X.4.j.i.

Eline Wentworth. Name.

Submitted as Elaine Wentworth, the submitter requested authenticity for 15-16th century English language/culture and accepted all changes. The name was changed to Eline Wentworth to meet the submitter's request for authenticity. Withycombe notes that Elaine is an Old French form of Helen which is not found in use in England "as an ordinary christian name until after Tennyson's Idylls of the King (1859) had made familiar the story of Lancelot and Elaine."

The spelling Eline differs from Elaine by only a single letter, and is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's article 16th Century Names from Ormskirk Parish Registers.

Henri de Montferrant. Name and device. Per chevron azure and gules, a lion rampant Or between three fleurs-de-lys argent.

The submitter requested authenticity for 13-14th C French language/culture. The byname, de Montferrat is a modern form. We have changed its spelling to de Monferrant, which is a close form used in Froissart's Chronicles (14th C), to meet the submitter's request for authenticity.

Katherne of Lochac. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Quarterly azure and gules, a bat-winged wolf rampant and a base embattled argent.

Please advise the submitter that in the presence of a base, the horizontal dividing line of the quarterly division should be raised somewhat.

The armory was submitted under the name Katherne von Risna.

Robin of Twyford. Name and device. Vert, on a lozenge between three crosses crosslet fitchy Or an oak leaf vert.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the oak leaf to look more obviously like an oak leaf.

Saint Basil the Great, College of. Branch name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitter as College of St Basil the Great, we have changed this to College of Saint Basil the Great; by precedent we do not register scribal abbreviations.

This item was listed on the LoI as belonging to Lochac, Kingdom of. Submissions for branches should be listed under the branch name, not the kingdom name. Names and armory of branches within a kingdom are owned by the branch, not by the Kingdom.


Eleanor of Orkney. Badge. Or, in annulo six hurts, the one in chief replaced by a roundel gules charged with a portcullis Or.

(According to the forms, submitted as a (household?) badge for La Parentiara, to be jointly owned with Sabine du Bourbonnais. We assume the household name was returned in kingdom, in which case it should have been crossed off on the forms. That this was to be a joint badge should have been noted on the LoI.)

The change of color, and charging with a tertiary, of a single charge that is a member of a larger group is a motif we have only found in period as an augmentation. This therefore violates RfS XI.4: "Armory that uses charges in such a way as to appear to be arms of pretense or an unearned augmentation of honor is considered presumptuous." (Emphasis added.) As an administrative note, if the submitter has been granted an Augmentation of Arms and wishes to register the augmentation, the augmentation must be submitted as a separate action on top of the armory being augmented.

The roundel in chief is also twice the diameter of the others. Consider the following precedents:

[Returning ...a Maltese cross between four others...] This is being returned for using two difference [sic] sizes of the same charge on the field. [Jun 1998, Ret-Middle, Savaric de Pardieu]

[returning Argent, on a mullet of seven points vert a griffin couchant, wings close, Or, in chief two mullets of seven points vert...] The use of two different sizes of the same charge, especially when they then cause some confusion as to whether there is one group of primary charges or a primary charge and group of secondary charges, as here, has been cause for return in the past. (See, e.g., LoAR of March 1992, p. 15). Drawing all three mullets the same size, or choosing a different set of charges to go in chief, would cure this problem. [Jul 1995, Ret-Caid, Alexandria Elizabeth Vallandigham of Cambria]

While some variation in size among charges in a group is not uncommon, this large a discrepancy in sizes makes this emblazon returnable in accordance with the precedents cited above.

Katherne von Risna. Name.

This name is returned for a number of reasons. First, the documentation for the place name Risna is insufficient to determine whether this is a reasonable transcription of a period place name. The name is found in an index to an English translation of a Victorian-era history of Russia; the date is attached to a different spelling, Riasno, to which Risna is cross referenced. The index gives no indication whether the spellings are period forms, if they are normalized, or if the modern names are used. Without this information, we cannot register this spelling. If the submitter wishes to research this name further, finding the work in which this name is found, Vol. 4 Russia Under the Tatar Yoke, 1228-1389, Helen Y. Prochazka, London, England, and seeing what it says about it and about how the names are handled would be useful. In future uses of this source as documentation, submitters should include enough information from the introduction to explain how names are treated. For further research, the submitter may consider searching for Ryasna in Belarus, which is probably the preferred modern name for this place.

The second problem is that the name mixes an English given name with a Lithuanian byname. As no documentation was submitted showing contact between these two cultures, and none found by the College, such combinations cannot be registered. The submitter may want to consider using a German form of Katherne, since there was contact between Germany and Lithuania in period. Some forms are Katherin 1337, Katherine 1366, and Kethe 1365.

Finally, the name combines a German preposition with a Lithuanian name in the same name phrase. The Rule for Submission III.1.a says "Each phrase must be grammatically correct according to the usage of a single language." Barring documentation that Risna is a German form of this place name, these two words cannot be combined in a name phrase. A better alternative would be to use an appropriate Lithuanian form for the locative byname. However, since we do not know the appropriate form for the place name, we are unable to suggest its byname form.

Her armory was registered under the holding name Katherne of Lochac.

Saint Basil the Great, College of. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a tower broken counterchanged and on a base Or two laurel sprigs bases crossed in saltire vert.

Barring evidence of period armorial towers or castles being "broken" in such a manner as this, this "broken tower" motif is not registerable.

Also, precedent is clear that this depiction of a laurel wreath must be returned for redrawing:

[a tower sable ... environed in base with a laurel wreath vert] The device must be returned for lack of a name to which to register it. The armory had an additional problem which would not allow it to be accepted. Laurel wreaths should not be drawn with another charge between the tips of the wreath, except possibly when the charge between the tips is very thin. [Apr 2002, Ret-Atenveldt, Hawk's Rest, Shire of]

...a laurel wreath should have a round shape, rather than a 'U' or 'V' shape, and they should be completely closed, or almost completely closed, at the top. Laurel wreaths in the shape submitted here have been considered sufficient reason for return in the past. [Dec 2001, Ret-Ealdormere, Brant County, Canton of]

Laurel wreaths should be drawn in a basically circular or elliptical shape, and either completely closed or with no room between the tips as to allow placing another charge between them. While some artistic latitude has sometimes been given on the latter point, U- and especially V-shaped wreaths are not allowed.

This item was listed on the LoI as belonging to Lochac, Kingdom of. Submissions for branches should be listed under the branch name, not the kingdom name. Names and armory of branches within a kingdom are owned by the branch, not by the Kingdom.


Cairistiona inghean Raghnaill. Device. Gules, a unicorn rampant argent armed Or, on a bordure Or an orle sable.

The tincture of the unicorn was omitted from the blazon, leading most commentors to assume the unicorn was Or. This is being pended to allow for conflict checking using the correct tinctures.

Cluain, Canton of. Branch name and device. Azure, a seahorse within a laurel wreath and on a chief invected argent a lymphad gules.

Normally, we would have returned this name for lack of an appropriate petition of support for the name. RfS IV.C.5 states "A valid petition must include a clear description of the item submitted." A group name on a device petition does not fulfill that requirement. However, because of the various vagaries of starting an office such as the Pelican Sovereign of Arms, no one notified the group that they needed to complete their paperwork prior to the date the rulings were made. Therefore, this is pended until the group can submit a proper petition for their group or until four months from the publication of this LoAR, whichever comes first.

The device is pended because the name is pended. Please advise the group to draw the chief a bit more narrowly and the ship accordingly smaller. This is as large as a chief can get without being returnable for confusion with a per fess line of division. Please instruct the group also to draw the laurel wreath with a narrower opening at the top.

This item was listed on the LoI under Lochac, Kingdom of. Submissions for branches should be listed under the branch name not the Kingdom name. Names and armory of branches within a kingdom are owned by the branch not by the Kingdom.

Crux Seal Wakeline's Signature

Wakeline de Foxley,
Crux Australis Principal Herald